Neurodevelopmental & Neurological Disorders



Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Refer to disabilities, difficulties or conditions that occur due to brain malfunction(s) in young children. Some common neurodevelopmental disorders include Cerebral Palsy (CP), Autism Spectrum Disorder and attention disorders (ADD or ADHD), Asperger’s Disease, Developmental Co-ordination Disorder (DCD) or other learning and intellectual disabilities.


Neurological Disorders

Neurological disorders are disorders that are brought about by damage to the brain, spinal cord or nerves. Common neurological disorders found in children include Epilepsy, muscular dystrophies, motor neuron diseases, Developmental Dyspraxia or Developmental Co-ordination Disorder (DCD), traumatic brain or spinal cord injuries.



Neurodevelopmental and neurological disorders often influence physical function and gross motor skills in young children due to musculoskeletal hinderances, physical and environmental challenges or even fear and lack of participation in physically challenging tasks or activities.

A physiotherapist is equipped to aid and manage the physical challenges faced by a child, and the caregivers of a child, with a neurodevelopmental or neurological disorder.